The Han emperors ruled a huge land [click on map
for larger view].
They set up a centralized government that followed
the rules of the philosopher Confucius, who taught
that moderation and good behavior are necessary
for government officialsjust as they are for
everyday people. The Han empire had many enemies,
however, and continued to build China's Great Wall
to keep invaders out.
The first Tang emperor, Li Yuan, later known as Gaozi, added lands
to the empire. Under the Tang emperors, China has become known far
and wide for its arts. The Chinese empire stretches across many
lands. Because of this, we can control trade routes between other
countries. Goods made by our people travel as far as the Roman Empire
on the Mediterranean Sea, more than 7,000 miles away. How do they
get there? Some of them travel across the great Central Asian deserts
by camel. Because our lord was made wealthy through trade, we include
a ceramic camel like this one in his grave.